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West Bengal Disaster Management Preparedness

Preparedness Status of the State

a) A state level consultative meeting use to held during last week of April before monsoon cyclone and monsoon period in order to strengthen institutionalize DM preparedness and response under chairmanship of Chief Secretary in presence of heads of the line departments working on disaster management, all District Magistrates, IMD, defence, Para-military forces, Indian Railways, etc. Update of District Disaster Management Plan and inclusion of all Line Departmental Contingency Plan in the State Disaster Management Plan, reiterate the role of each Department, flood early warning message dissemination, campaign for preparedness, cyclone early warning to the fisherman, relief materials stock etc. are discussed in the meeting. Followed by State level meeting, all the districts & Block Disaster Management Committee members would seat together at their respective level to review their preparedness and response plan.
b) Most of the emergency service providers particularly Police, Fire and Health have their own crisis management plan by which they manage emergency. Fire and Civil Defence Department are being revamped for the past three years. Both the departments of Fire & Emergency Services and Civil Defence have their respective training Institute in the State and they regularly conduct capacity building programmes for own staff members and volunteers, so that they can fight any emergency situation. The Fire & Emergency Services Department have purchased many modern types of equipment, including a sky lift, trauma care ambulance and are extending their number of support services to set up new stations. 7 platoons each were established to act as State Disaster Response Force by West Bengal Police. Kolkata Police also did the same. Both are functioning in tandem with National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). These forces are also equipped with modern equipments and are trained by the NDRF. Department of Health & Family Welfare have a strong contingency plan for flood / cyclone management up to block level having make-shift infrastructure facilities, stock of essential medicines, a tentative week-wise roster of doctors, nurses and MPHWs etc.
c) The State Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) is functioning at Nabanna fitted with moderate state of the art communication equipments. All districts have established district EOC having communication equipments with a little renovation of the existing district administrative buildings. District level EOCs have been constructed at Purulia and North 24 Parganas Collectorate. Thirteen more EOCs have been constructed at the Sub-Divisional level in different districts under GOI – UNDP Disaster Risk Reduction Programme.
d) An emergency toll free number 1077 at district level & 1070 at State level have been activated. The State EOC is operational on      24 X 7 hrs. Department of Disaster Management with the help of IT Department has developed SMS based Early Warning System to alert all the mobile users of the State of the advent of any natural calamity. This is being frequently used for other purposes too.
e) Recently Quick response team (QRT) comprising trained civil defence volunteers and vehicles fitted with necessary equipments have been kept as standalone force at District & Sub –divisional level to combat any sort of natural / manmade calamity.
f) Further, State Disaster Management Plan has been developed and updated regularly for effective response at the time of crisis. District Disaster Management Plans of all the districts have been prepared & regularly updated towards strengthening response of disaster management. These are being revised to incorporate disaster risk reduction including mitigation aspects of disaster management.

Details of search and rescue teams set up by the State Government and their deployment:
a) Status of Constitution of State Disaster Response Force: Seven Companies from West Bengal SAP Battalion and three from Kolkata Police have been working as State Disaster Response Force (SDRF). These companies of SAP Bns. are currently located at Raiganj, Barrackpore, Krishnagar, Siliguri and Barjora. Three Company strength of Disaster Management Group (DMG) of Kolkata Police has been operating in Kolkata with full equipments. Both State and Kolkata Police Search and Rescue teams have been equipped. Further fund is being provided for strengthening the teams and equipping more teams. The following table depicts the features of SDRF and DMG, Kolkata.

Date of Constitution

No. of Companies

No. of personnel

Location

Training Undergone

SDRF from West Bengal State Armed Police (SAP)

Police Order No. 16/2009 & 01/2013 dated 18.01.2013

07

Each company comprises 81 police personnel i.e. Total: 567

1. SAP 4th Bn. Kasba, Raiganj

2. SAP 6th Bns. Barrrackpore

3. SAP 8th Bn. Barrackpore

4. SAP 7th Bn. Asansol

5. SAP 9th Bn. Sandhya, Krishnagar

6. SAP 10th & 12th Bns. Siliguri

7. SAP 13th Bn. Barjora, Bankura

The detail is given in Annexure – I

Disaster Management Group under Kolkata Police

14.05.2002

1. Water Wing

2. CSSSR & MFR Wing

3. Tree Cutting Team

Inspector – 01, Subedar – 02, ASI – 03, Sepoy – 78, HG – 65, GP – 27

Total - 176

Police Training School (PTS) 247 AJC Bose Road, Kolkata - 7000278

The detail is given in Annexure – II



Annexture: I


List of following strength of Disaster Management Police personnel who are undergoing training of various Disaster Management Courses

 

 

Unit

Training.

Place

Inspr.

SI

ASI

Const.

 

 

 

 

 

 

South

Bengal

Zone

 

1st Squad

SAP 6th Bn &Barrackpore

CSSR &MFR

Badu,Madhyamgram under 2 nd Bn. NDRF & Hyderabad NISA

01(SSF Bn.)

Nil

01

29

SSF Bn.,

Barrackpore

Deep Diving

Sea Explorers Institute Outram Ghat,Kolkata

Nil.

Nil.

Nil.

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2nd Squad

 

 

 

SAP 8th Bn,

Barrackpore

Deep diving

(is running w.e.f. 25.11.13 to 04.01.14

Sea Explorers Institute

Outram Ghat,Kolkata

Nil

Nil

Nil

20

CSSR(is running w.e.f 02.12.13 to 28.12.13)

2nd Bn. NDRF

Nil

1

2

20

MFR(is running w.e.f 02.12.13 to 28.12.13)

2nd Bn. NDRF

Nil

1

2

10

High Rise Building (is running w.e.f. 02.12.13 to 28.12.13)

2nd Bn. NDRF

Nil

Nil

2

10

 

 

3rd Squad

 

 

 

SAP 9th Bn,

Sandhya,

Krishnagar

CSSR

2nd Bn. NDRF

To be commenced on & from 02.01.14 to 31.01.14

MFR

2nd Bn. NDRF

High Rise Building

 

2nd Bn. NDRF

Deep Diving

Sea Explorers Institute Outram Ghat, Kolkata

 

 

To be commenced on & from 06.01.14 to 15.02.14


Annexture: II
DMG Training
Disaster Management Group of Kolkata Police underwent the following trainings:
1) 43 police personnel have undergone training twice from NDRF in regard to CSSR & MFR.
2) 43 police personnel have undergone training twice from NISA / FSTI twice in regard to CSSR & MFR, Fire Fighting and Rope Rescue Operation.
3) 15 police personnel have undergone training from NCDC, Nagpur in regard to Chemical Disaster.
4) 2 police personnel have undergone training from NIRD, Patna in regard to community based Disaster Management
5) 38 police personnel have undergone training from Indian Life Saving Society, Rabindra Sarobar in regard to Life saving in water.
6) 22 police personnel have undergone training from Sea Explorers Institute Subhas Sarobar, Beliaghata in regard to Under Water Diving
7) 38 police personnel have undergone training from Civil Defence, Government of West Bengal in regard to Handling of Inflated Rubber Boat
8) 42 police personnel have undergone training from Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (HMI) Darjeeling in regard to Rock Climbing.
9) Training on Psychosocial Issues in Disaster Management at ATI, Saltlake
10) Training Course on Incident Response System(Basic Intermediate)at ATI, Saltlake

Organization of Mock Drill:

Mock drills are very important for verifying the viability of the disaster management plans prepared at all administrative levels. To test the implementabilty of disaster management plan, the Department of Disaster Management organized many mock drills in collaboration with National Disaster Response Force, the General Officer Commanding Bengal Area, Fort William and Corporate houses. In addition, Kolkata Police along with Public and private schools jointly conducted number of fire fighting drills in Kolkata Municipal Areas. Few instances are given below:


Community Awareness and Mock Exercise and Preparedness programme by NDRF

Sr. No.

Location (District)

Proposed duration

Types of Exercise Search & Exercise (SAR)

01

Kalimpong

(Dist:   Darjeeling

19 April – 03 May, 2012

SAR in Earthquake / Landslide

02

Durgapur (Bardhaman)

02 – 16 May 2012

SAR in Chemical Hazard / flood

03

Dakshin Dinajpur and Maldah

25 July – 09 August, 2012

SAR in Cyclone / Flood

04

North 24 Parganas

30 August – 13 September, 2012

SAR in Flood

05

Gangasagar (Dist: South

24 Parganas )

15- 25 June 2012

09 – 13 Jan. 2013

SAR in Cyclone / Flood

06

Raignaj (Uttar Dinajpuur)

30 Jan – 13 Feb, 2013

SAR in Flood

07

Alipurduar

24 Nov. – 08 Dec. 2012

SAR in Earthquake / Landslide

08

Howrah & Kolkata

20 -25 July 2012

SAR for Nuclear Biological and Chemical

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